The warmest and fuzziest phrase in the political folklore of American capitalism? “Family-owned business”! These few words evoke everything people like and admire about the U.S. economy. The always welcoming luncheonette. The barbershop where you can still get a haircut, with generous tip, for less than $20. The corner candystore.
But “family-owned businesses” have a dark side, too, as we can see all too clearly in the Trump Organization, an empire of enterprises owned by one Donald Trump, the president of the United States. We now know — thanks to this week’s landmark New York Times exposé on Trump’s taxes — far more about this sordid empire than ever before.
The mass of detail in the Times exposé can at times make for a complicated picture. Who knew, for instance, that the “abandonment” of partnership assets can produce mega-million windfalls?
The details also, on the other hand, tell the simplest of stories. They show how today, as in generations gone by, great wealth gives wealthy families the power to get away with greed grabs that would shove families of mere modest means into the deepest of hot water.
Let’s imagine, for a moment, one of these families of modest means, a household that runs a popular neighborhood pizza parlor. Melting mozzarella clears this family-owned business $100,000 a year. The family owes and pays federal income taxes on all this income.
Now let’s suppose this hard-working family had a conniving neighbor who one day suggested that he knew how the family could easily cut its annual tax bill by thousands of dollars. All the family needed to do: hire its teenage daughter as a “consultant” — at $20,000 a year — and then deduct that “consulting” fee as a business expense. That move would sink the family’s taxable income yet keep all its real income in the family.
The ma and pa of this local pizza palace listen to all this, absolutely horrified. Their daughter, they point out, knows nothing about making pizzas. How could she be a consultant? She couldn’t give their business anything of value. Pretending she could, ma and pa scolded, would be committing tax fraud.
The chastened neighbor slinks away.
Donald Trump goes by a different family-consulting standard. Between 2010 and 2018, Trump’s hotel projects around the world cleared an income of well over $100 million. On his tax returns, Trump claimed $26 million in “consulting” expenses, about 20 percent of all the income he made on these hotel deals.
Who received all these “consulting” dollars? Trump’s tax returns don’t say. But New York Times reporters did some digging. They found a revealing public disclosure form that Trump’s daughter Ivanka had filed when she went to work in the White House. Ivanka had collected consulting fees for $747,622, this disclosure indicates, the exact sum her father’s tax return claimed as a consultant-fee tax deduction for hotel projects in Vancouver and Hawaii.
All the $26.2 million in Trump hotel project consulting fees, a CNN analysis points out, may well have gone to Ivanka or one of her siblings. That outcome, CNN concluded, would not be “terribly far-fetched.”
More evidence of the Trump consulting hanky-panky: People with direct involvement in the various hotel projects where big bucks went for consulting, the New York Times notes, “expressed bafflement when asked about consultants on the project.” They told the Times they never interacted with any consultants.
The New York Times determination: “Trump reduced his taxable income by treating a family member as a consultant and then deducting the fee as a cost of doing business.”
During the 2016 presidential debates, Donald Trump dubbed his aggressive tax-reducing moves as “smart.” In the wake of this week’s New York Times revelations, veteran tax analysts have a different label: criminal. Daniel Shaviro, a tax law prof at NYU, feels that “several different types of fraud may have been involved here.”
Ivanka Trump, adds former Watergate prosecutor Nick Akerman, had no “legitimate reason” to collect consulting fees for the Trump hotel projects “since she was being paid already as a Trump employee.” Donald and Ivanka Trump, says Akerman, should with “no question” be facing “at least five years in prison for tax evasion.”
The likelihood of that ever happening? In our contemporary plutocracy, next to zero. Plutocrats simply do not have to play by the same rules as pizza parlors. And that has no chance of changing so long as Donald Trump remains in the White House.
Sam Pizzigati co-edits Inequality.org. His recent books include The Case for a Maximum Wage and The Rich Don’t Always Win: The Forgotten Triumph over Plutocracy that Created the American Middle Class, 1900-1970. Follow him at @Too_Much_Online.