Inequality.org

A project of the
Institute for Policy Studies

Who Owns Almost All America’s Land?

A USDA report is exposing a massive disparity between white and black land ownership in the United States.

black landownership pic

The five largest landowners in America, all white, own more rural land than all of black America combined.

This tiny group, a band that would fit comfortably in any mid-size sedan, owns more than nine million acres while all of the African American population combined, over 40 million people, own just eight million acres.

The most recent report released by the United States Department of Agriculture, Who Owns the Land, offers these statistics and more as it exposes Americas massive disparity in land ownership.

African Americans, despite making up 13 percent of the population, own less than 1 percent of rural land in the country.

African Americans, despite making up 13 percent of the population, own less than 1 percent of rural land in the country. The combined value of this land: $ 14 billion.

White Americans, by comparison, own more than 98 percent of U.S. land amounting to 856 million acres with a total worth of over $1 trillion.

CNN founder Ted Turner alone owns over 2 million acres of land according to Forbes magazine. In other words, one person owns nearly a quarter of what all black Americans combined own in rural land.

Turners two million acres are spread across New Mexico, Colorado, Montana, Florida, and several other states. Combined, his land holdings constitute a landmass three times greater than the state of Rhode Island.

The racial disparity in rural land ownership has deep historical roots based not just in chattel slavery, but in the post-slavery period as well. After emancipation, black farmers tended to be tenants of wealthy white landowners working for sub-poverty wages and doing mostly subsistence farming. Average land ownership for black farmers peaked in 1910, according to the Agriculture Census, with about 16 to 19 acres. In contrast, black farmers owned just 1.5 million acres of arable land in 1997.

In many cases, the land African Americans lost over the 20th century was expropriated in one form or another and not sold freely. In the 2007 documentary, Banished, filmmaker Marco Williams describes numerous examples of white mobs forcing out African-American farmers and taking their land. This outright stealing, intimidation, and violence had a devastating impact on black wealth ownership.USDARes

  • Patrick

    Noticed the report was 14 years old. Updated operator statistics are here. Can’t tell if it’s just operators or ownership, too: http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012/Online_Resources/Race,_Ethnicity_and_Gender_Profiles/cpd99000.pdf

    • JohnDille

      NO WONDER REPUBLICANS DO ALL THEY CAN TO SUPPRESS GOVERNMENT DATA… OR TO DISTORT IT AND TWIST IT INTO LIES IF THEY CANNOT SUPPRESS IT! THESE DATA… LIKE MANY OTHER OFFICIAL GOVERNMENT AND OTHER SUCH DATA SETS… SHOWS VERY CLEARLY JUST HOW TOTALLY THAT RICH WHITE REPUBLICANS OWN ALMOST EVERYTHING… AND CONTROL MOST OF WHAT THEY DO NOT OWN!!! WHOSE FAULT IS THAT??? REPUBLICANS TELL US THAT DEMOCRATS ARE AT FAULT FOR THIS MASSSIVE FRAUD… BUT THEY NEVER EXPLAIN WHY TENS OF MILLIONS OF WORKING CLASS DEMOCRATS WOULD SUPPORT STUFF THAT BENEFITS ONLY RICH WHITE REPUBLICANS!!! HMMM!!!

  • Trayvon Mashing

    The report you posted is different Patrick thats just Operaors, think above they meant to say most recent. Operators are different than owners, those are people that run farms. Theres a reason USDA wont release, or hasent released this infor again. I believe now blacks may own lower than 4 million acres in total. If you read the report above the drafter is trying to sound optimistic, and it really feels like they are sliding around black land ownership and its structural meaning.

  • Hologrammar

    It’s not land by its physical quantity that matters; it’s land by its quality — that is, its rental value. In other words, urban land. That’s where you’ll find the true source of (unearned) inequality, as Henry George pointed out.

    • JohnDille

      YOU ARE RIGHT… AND BY THAT MEASURE, URBAN WHITE FOLKS… MOST OF THEM REPUBLICANS… OWN EVEN MORE LAND THAN URBAN NON WHITES… MOST OF THEM DEMOCRATS… THAN IS THE CASE IN RURAL PARTS OF THE USA! THROW IN ALL THE COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL AND OTHER PROPERTIES… MOST OF IT OWNED BY CORPORATIONS, WHICH ARE ALMOST TOTALLY OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY RICH WHITE REPUBLICANS… AND IT WOULD MOST LIKELY MEAN THAT WHITES OWN MORE THAN 99% OF ALL THE LAND IN THE USA… BY AREA AND/OR BY VALUE!!! SO… OBVIOUSLY…WE NEED EVEN MORE REPUBLICAN POLITICAL PROSTITUTES IN CHARGE OF OUR NATION… SO THEY CAN PASS LAWS THAT GENERATES EVEN MORE WEALTH FOR RICH WHITE GUYS… AT THE EXPENSE OF EVERYONE ELSE!!! MOST ESPECIALLY AT THE EXPENSE OF WORKING WHITE FOLKS WHO ARE STUPID ENOUGH TO VOTE FOR THE VERY SAME REPUBLICANS WHO ARE ROBBING THEM BLIND!!!

Read previous post:
How Equal Do We Want the World to Be?

https://youtu.be/2tCcoSRZqVY Dan Ariely shows the discrepancies between our perceptions, preferences, and the reality of wealth inequality.

Close